Screen readers, also known as screen readers, make it easier for people with and without visual impairment, illiterate people, or the elderly to access the Internet, apps, and other web applications. The programs output texts from websites acoustically or in the form of Braille. In this, you will learn what a screen reader is, how this software works and which voice and gesture-controlled accessibility features suit your computer and requirements.
What Is A Screen Reader?
A screen reader is a software that outputs content from the screen on a PC, laptop, or smartphone in an artificial voice output (text-to-speech) or as a tactile Braille line. The screen reader takes on the function of the eyes so that users can orientate themselves autonomously and barrier-free online. The display font can also be customized.
How Does A Screen Reader Work?
Screen readers read, for example, notifications, screen texts, or settings and transfer these signals via synthesizers into an artificial voice output or via Braille in Braille. The voice output usually doesn’t sound very human and is based on dictionaries stored in the software. This makes it possible to carry out complex interactions despite visual impairments or illiteracy.
Which Screen Readers Are There?
The NVDA, Jaws, VoiceOver, TalkBack for iOS and Android, Cobra, and Narrator screen readers have established themselves. The free NVDA screen reader is a portable, open-source product that can be taken anywhere with a USB stick. TalkBack and VoiceOver are preferably used on smartphones and tablets as reading aids.
Internet Accessibility: What Does It Mean?
The analog and the digital world are often not as easily accessible to people with physical disabilities as they would ideally be. Information from the World Wide Web should also be available to everyone without barriers, regardless of the IT application. The term “barrier-free Internet” generally describes easy access to content and texts on websites. It is not just a question of making it suitable for the disabled, such as blind or visually impaired people.
The structure, content, and structure should be usable for as many people as possible, regardless of physical or mental disabilities, age, illnesses, mother tongue, or illiteracy. Creative web design and modern content marketing increase the requirements for accessibility on the Internet, which unfortunately is not yet standard in many companies. Subtitles in videos, alternative texts to graphics and diagrams, and transcriptions of podcasts are essential for barrier-free access.
Imagine that all of the graphics on your website are perceived as empty areas instead because you have not stored any alternative text. What does this say about your online presence? Make sure that no important information is lost when relaunching the website or publishing a blog post. It is better to present relevant figures in other places in the online text. This makes the connection between text and graphics clear to all users.
What Function Does The Braille Display Take On For Speech Output?
The Braille display, also known as a Braille display, is an output device on a PC or laptop that translates website texts into Braille. Control buttons are attached to the Braille display to move the screen section. Through the piezoelectric effect, a sensor effect, the electrical voltage on the screen generates plungers that protrude as points from a surface.
If the fingertips slide over these characters, blind and visually impaired people can read the contents of the screen line by line. Between twelve and 80 characters can be displayed per Braille line. Before deciding on a new screen reader, check that it is compatible with your Braille display and other computer equipment.
NVDA Screen Reader, Jaws Screen Reader, Or VoiceOver: Which Program Is Right For You?
Anyone looking for a screen reader program will quickly come across these three providers. We present them here in more detail.
NVDA: Free Screen Reader For Windows Computers
The open-source programming NVDA (Non-Visual Desktop Access) scores with its basic, free charging. Indeed, even amateurs will coexist with the NVDA straight away due to the good controls. The framework peruses texts out loud and interprets them into Braille. The program empowers blind and outwardly hindered PC clients boundary-free admittance to the Internet, Microsoft Office projects, and Java applications. NVDA is likewise a versatile screen peruser because it additionally works with a USB stick.
JAWS: Screen Reader With Speech And Braille Output For All Versions Of Windows
With the paid programming JAWS (Job Access With Speech), blind and outwardly disabled individuals read reports, messages, sites, and other web applications. Exploring with the mouse is simple. Additionally, perusing and filling in records in PDF design works with the incredible utility of JAWS. The expenses for JAWS can be totally or to some degree covered by legal, medical coverage, contingent upon the finding and assurance of the need.
VoiceOver – Navigate Safely On IPhone, IPad, And MacBook
Numerous Apple clients like the incredible screen perusing capacity of the VoiceOver programming. It is possible to have the real substance or select the showcase readout for you. The perusing pace can be adjusted to individual inclinations. You can browse north of 70 manufactured voices above 35 dialects about discourse yield.
Screen Reader Obstacles
No matter which software you choose: Reading out screen information is the main benefit of the programs. However, the following web design elements can complicate the complete readout:
- Graphics and images without meaningful alternative texts that screen readers consequently skip
- Tables without unambiguous row and column identification
- A little comprehensible content and text structure with superfluous formatting and missing (sub) headings
- A complicated site navigation
- Interactive buttons
- Videos embedded on the website without a description of what can be seen there
- Contact forms without precise labeling of the input fields
So make sure that your website is designed to be barrier-free so that everyone can access your information, services, and products.
Conclusion: Screen Readers Make It Easier For People To Consume Your Content
Screen perusers empower individuals with and without visual disability and uneducated individuals to utilize PCs, tablets, and cell phones independently in all everyday issues. The screen perusers yield text data from shows as discourse or Braille. The screen perusers NVDA, JAWS, and VoiceOver for Android and iOS are especially well known.
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